We're now just about rounding the last corner in the first lap of the Phenomenology -- the Preface. Here, Hegel continues contrasting the dialectical approach he champions against the "argumentative" or "ratiocinative" approach in Philosophy.
In these sections he spells out the differences by looking at how some of the traditional classifications or functions of grammar, logic, and enquiry work with both approaches -- focusing on Subject, Predicate, and Accident. How do we get from any of these to Substance. . . and Notion or Concept (Begriff)?